Monday, 29 November 2021 15:54

How Should Be the Commander and the Leadership?

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It is not without reason that some soldiers and commanders have enshrined the memory of the nation. There are many commanders who see the lives of the soldiers they command as valuable as his own and fight on the front lines of the soldiers. These people are led by the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

It would be useful to expand on this subject a little bit. Because we can come across commanders who have survived alone, where all the soldiers who depend on him are dead.

The greatest miracle of the Messenger of Allah after the Qur'an is his own. In other words, it is the high morality and virtue inherent in him, that friend and foe are convinced that he is at the highest level in every trait. In fact, Ali who was a hero in bravery and courage, often cited this situation as an example and said:

“When the war was terrified, we took refuge behind the Messenger of Allah.” (Ahmed bin Hanbel, Musned 1,86)

Similarly, commanders and leaders have been frequently encountered in the Turkish nation, which is the bravest people of Islam. I would like to make an assessment by presenting two noteworthy examples from our history.


When we look at Turkish history, commanders usually take the lead of the army and fight to the death, declaring that they want to die together and become a martyr. There are many examples in this issue. Jalal al-Din Mangburni and Oruc Gazi are two great examples:

Jalal al-Din is a ruler who has become famous for his bravery among the Turkish tribes. Even once, while he was fighting with Genghis Khan, he crossed the river with a few remaining soldiers in his army and sent the incoming Genghis soldiers to Hell one by one.

Genghis Khan lamenting Jalal al-Din who cut his soldiers with his sword in front of his eyes, turns to his sons and says: “This is a kind of son who suits me”. But none of Genghis’ son dare to do so. That's why Jalal al-Din takes his place among the unique heroes in Turkish history.

Another warrior Turk is Oruç (Gazi) Reis. He is the most famous of the Barbaros Brothers. Oruç Reis, who left the Kingdom of Algeria and became a soldier for the Ottoman Empire, was martyred in a war with the Spaniards. Let's try to get to know this warrior a little better with his heroism that went down in history, not from the TV series.

Oruç Reis is also known as “Baba Oruç”. Together with his elder brother Ishak and the youngest brother Ilyas, they were martyred in the wars. He is the elder brother of Gazi Hızır Hayrettin Pasha, whose Chief Admiral in the Ottoman Empire.

The Barbaros Brothers were born in Lesbos and are the children of an Ottoman Cavalryman. While Hızır Reis was trading nearby with his boat, Oruç Reis, who was intrepid, decided to sail further and go to Tripoli (Lebanon). But on the way, he encountered the powerful ships of the Rhodes knights. After a very bloody war, he was wounded and taken prisoner. The younger brother Ilyas was martyred in this war. First, he was thrown into the dungeon, and then he started to work as a “galley-slave” on the Rhodes ships. Although Hızır Reis tried to save his brother, he could not succeed.

However, Oruç Reis had a chance to escape from the ship where he worked as a galley-slave on a stormy day. He became the second captain of the ship of Ali Reis, a Turkish captain in Antalya, and came to the city of Alexandria, which was dominated by the Mamluk Turks at that time, and entered his service. He had Oruç Reis, the Khan of Egypt, built 16 ships and gave them to his command. However, the Rhodesians captured Oruç Reis in Payas with a large navy and even burned their ships, but they could not catch him. Oruç Reis knew very well how difficult it was to be in captivity.

He then struck the Crusader ships and came to Alexandria with great spoils. He appeared before the Khan of Egypt and succeeded in getting himself forgiven for having his ships burned by the Rhodesians. Meanwhile, Oruç and Hızır Reis had decided to leave Lesbos in order not to conflict with the Ottomans due to their close relationship with Şehzade Korkut. They met in Djerba Island in Tunisia and rented the port of Halkul Vad from the Sultan of Tunisia.

The two brothers began to successfully fight against the Corsairs of Rhodes, Venice and Spanish, who until then had no mercy on the Muslims in the Mediterranean. Meanwhile, Muslims were burned alive in the Inquisition Courts because they did not apostatize. Barbaros Brothers, who saved thousands of Muslims and even Jews from the Spanish persecution, came to Algeria with their eldest brother Ishak. The Spanish in this region were persecuting the Muslim people.

Barbaros Brothers, who saved many cities in Algeria from the Spanish, became the apple of the eye of all Muslims. According to them, these heroic Turks knew how to fight at sea and on land very well and knew how to stand up to the Christians they had been captured for years.

Many Turkish soldiers joined the Barbaros Brothers, who came back to their home. Hearing of his fame, many continued to join the force of relentless brothers against Crusaders.

Barbaros Brothers sent gifts to Muslihiddin Reis and Selim I and received his blessing. The Sultan even had two excellent galleys built, one for Oruç Reis and the other for Hızır Reis, and allowed the Turkish soldiers to join the Barbaros Brothers.

Hızır Reis had saved Béjaïa and Oruç Reis had saved the city of Algeria from the Spanish, and they had provided a sigh of relief to the Muslims. In the meantime, the Sultan of Tunisia started to cooperate with the Spanish, who were hostile to the Barbaros Brothers due to Ottoman aid.

The Spanish King and German Emperor Charles Quint prepared a large fleet and attacked Algeria. However, the Spanish navy, which returned to their country with a great defeat, this time cooperated with the local lords and marched on the Barbaros Brothers. Meanwhile, their elder brother, Ishak, had been martyred in Kalatul Kila Fortress.

In the autumn of 1518, the Spanish army besieged Oruç Reis in the Tlemcen Fortress with his soldiers. The enemy was constantly receiving reinforcements. The General Governor of Algeria, Marquis de Gomares, also came to Tlemcen personally and took over the administration of the war.

Oruç Reis once made a sortie movement and in this movement 700 enemy soldiers were killed and 100 of them were taken prisoner. However, as the siege continued, their food and ammunition ran out, and Oruç had only 40 soldiers left. The rest were martyred. However, these 40 heroes, together with Oruç Reis, managed to get out of the fortress in the sleep of the Spanish soldiers in the middle of the night and break the siege lines. But after a while, the Spanish realized this and started to pursue them.

At the head of the pursuit detachment was a Spanish nobleman named Garcia de Tineo. After a long pursuit, they came to the river Sanaldo. If they crossed over, they would be saved. Half of the forty soldiers, all wounded and exhausted from hunger, were able to cross the river with Oruç Reis.

Meanwhile, the Spanish arrived and surrounded the other 20 soldiers waiting to cross. They started shouting at Oruç Reis, “Do not leave us, father.” They attacked with a last effort.

This cry struck the great Turkish sailor in the heart. He thought for a moment to escape and come back with reinforcements and take revenge, but his “father” spirit dragged him to his children. Together with the soldiers next to him, they crossed to the opposite shore again.

But by that time, almost all of his soldiers had been martyred. He and his remaining soldiers attacked the enemy with a last effort. Unfortunately, he did not even have the strength to lift a sword. They all died one by one. Oruç Reis took a few enemy soldiers with one arm, but Don Garcia personally shot him in the chest with a spear. Then he stabbed his heart with his sword and killed him.

Oruç Reis, who had lost an arm in the war before, was martyred this time. The Spanish cut off his blessed head and took it to Spain. However, Hızır Reis managed to reunite the decimated soldiers and succeeded in inflicting a greater defeat on the Spanish. Let's tell his story another time. However, the fact that the Turks fought with their soldiers until they died can be told with hundreds of other examples.

I hope these examples have expressed very well that our heroic ancestors, especially our Prophet (pbuh), never abandoned their soldiers and that they fought to the end even if there was death at the end. It is no secret that they are fighting not to command them to die, but to ensure that not a single life is lost, and fighting at the forefront of the army, giving them moral strength.

However, in recent years, we can also come across generals fleeing the war, although their profession is military service and they have reached the highest positions possible. There are people who do not even make an effort to save the lands of the National Pact, even though they are among the heroic Turkish nation that has given the best examples of command and leadership. Let's draw attention to these people who missed the opportunity and two important events.

In the First Gulf War, the opportunity to liberate the lands of Mosul and Kirkuk arose with the UN decision. However, Torumtay, the Chief of General Staff, who had the duty to always keep the army ready for war, resigned and escaped from the war by influencing other generals. Unfortunately, other generals also disobeyed President Özal's orders.  For this reason, the opportunity to save the lands of the National Pact was wasted.

Allah gave another opportunity in the Second Gulf War. However, this time, some AK Party deputies and some politicians, who cooperated with the CHP, prevented the memorandum called the “1 March Memorandum” from being accepted by the parliament. The memorandum was rejected because the quorum for the decision could not be reached. As a result, we lost the opportunity to save our homeland Mosul and Kirkuk for the second time.

Now, thank Allah, our soldiers are clearing the PKK terrorists one by one by shooting them in their lairs. However, we can also come across soldiers and politicians who do not remain loyal to our national oath and therefore do not have the ideal of saving their homeland. I present Jalal al-Din Mangburni and Oruç Gazi, one of the most important heroes of our armed forces, as examples to these people. I hope they come to their senses. That’s it…

Read 76 times Last modified on Tuesday, 14 December 2021 15:00
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