Friday, 27 May 2016 00:00

May 27 is an Indelible Disgrace in Turkish Political History

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Adnan TANRIVERDI Adnan TANRIVERDI Anadolu Agency

Retired Brigadier General Adnan Tanrıverdi, President of the Justice Defenders Strategic Studies Center (ASSAM), stated that the May 27 military coup in 1960 was an indelible black mark on Turkish political life, and argued that it laid the groundwork for subsequent coups and memorandums.

It has been 56 years since the May 27, 1960 coup, which resulted in the execution of Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and two ministers. Despite the passage of time, the pain caused by the coup in social and political life remained fresh in the memory of people.

Retired Brigadier General Tanrıverdi, he said in his statement to the AA reporter;

He witnessed the May 27 coup as a high school student.

Using the phrase “May 27 is an indelible disgrace on Turkish political history”, Tanriverdi said that for the first time in the history of the Republic, a government was overthrown with this coup, and that the developments that took place at that time caused great damage to democracy.

Tanriverdi, noting that the May 27 coup is not an ordinary political development, continued as follows:

“The May 27 coup is a heavy damage to the Parliament, the government and the values they represent, which is the manifestation of the national will. It is an indelible disgrace on our democracy history because this coup was not limited to the period it was carried out, but also laid the groundwork for the March 12, 1971 memorandum, the September 12, 1980 coup, the February 28, 1997 post-modern coup and the April 27, 2007 e-memorandum. In other words, May 27 is the mother of other coups. 

“The tutelage of the junta lasted until recently”

Retired Brigadier General Adnan Tanriverdi stated that the political repercussions of the May 27 coup continued until recently, emphasizing that the coup-plotters were withdrawn from the country's administration in 1961, but they developed mechanisms to control civilians.

Stating that the elected governments were kept under pressure by structures such as the National Security Council (NSC), which was included in the 1961 constitution prepared after the coup, Tanrıverdi said, "After the coup that took the country into darkness, the junta built bodies that would maintain their tutelage while they resigned from the administration. In this way, they kept the ‘coup’ threat alive and put the governments under pressure. Unfortunately, this understanding of tutelage continued until the AK Party. At this point, the determination of the current government has ended this tutelage mentality.”

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